* An orange asterisk notes a few favorites!


  • Allen, J. (1999). Words, words, words: Teaching vocabulary in grades 4-12. Maine: Stenhouse Publishers.
  • Allen, J. (1999). Inside words: Tools for teaching academic vocabulary grades 4-12. Maine: Stenhouse Publishers.
  • * Archer, A.L. & Hughes, C.A. (2011). Explicit instruction: Effective and efficient teaching. New York: The Guildford Press.
  • Baumann, J.F. & Kame'enui, E.J. (Eds.). (2004). Vocabulary instruction: Research to practice. New York: The Guildford Press.
  • Beck, I.L., McKeown, M.G., & Kucan, L. (2003). Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Beck, I.L., McKeown, M.G., & Kucan, L. (2003). Bringing words to life: Creating robust vocabulary instruction: Frequently asked questions & extended examples. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • * Diamond, L. & Gutlohn, L. (2006). Vocabulary handbook. Berkeley, CA: Consortium on Reading Excellence, Inc. (CORE).
  • Graves, M.F. (2009). Teaching individual words: One size does not fit all. New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Graves, M. (2006). The vocabulary book: Learning & instruction. New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Hiebert E.H. & Kamil, M.L. (Eds.). (2005). Teaching and learning: Bring research to practice. Mahwh, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publ.
  • Honig, B., Diamond, L, & Gutlohn, L. (2008). Teaching reading sourcebook. (2nd ed.). Berkeley, CA: Consortium on Reading Excellence, Inc. (CORE).
  • Marzano, R.J. (2004). Building background knowledge for academic achievement: Research on what works in schools. Alexandria, VA, ASCD.
  • Marzano, R. & Pickering, D. (2005). Building academic vocabulary: Teacher's manual. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
  • Marzano, R., Pickering, D. & Pollock, J. (2001). Classroom instruction that works. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
  • Vaughn, S. & Linan-Thompson, S. (2004). Research-based methods of reading instruction: Grades K-3. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. (See chapter 5.)

Sites (a few of the many)

  • * Anita Archer's Videos (Watch a true master!)
  • Coxhead's Academic Word List
    • Academic Vocabulary Highlighter: (This site, based on the AWL [Coxhead, 2000], features an AWL Highlighter which identifies AWL words in text.)
    • Web Vocabulary Profiler: Enter text into the window. "This program will then tell you how many word types the text contains from the following four frequency levels: (1) the list of the most frequent 1000 word families, (2) the list of the second 1000 word families, (3) the Academic Word List, and (4) the words that do not appear in any of the preceding lists.
    • "WordSift (fun, useful text analysis tool with links to images and Visual Thesaurus)
  • * Doing What Works: Vocabulary (This site has some strong information, videos, and tools for leading professional development! Be sure to explore all four sections: Practice What Works, Learn What Works, See How it Works, Do What Works!)
  • Etymology Online (This is a wonderful reference tool for uncovering the origins of words.
  • * Free Rice (For every question you get right, grains of rice are donated through the UN World Food Program.)
  • Fun Brain: Rooting out Words (This game allows students to practice critical thinking skills to discover and review the meanings of roots and words. Students can choose various levels of difficulty.)
  • The Global Language Monitor(This is one researcher's attempt to tally the total number of English words. While any count of total words can be at best an estimate, this work does provide insightful information regarding how words enter the lexicon!)
  • * Know Your Roots: Word Root Quick Reference (great resource for root words, their meanings, and sample words with definitions)
  • Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms
  • PrefixSuffix.com (Just what it says--information regarding affixes and roots)
  • SCOE Vocabulary Resources (This includes links to several high quality vocabulary resources.)
  • Sites for morphemic analysis (common roots and affixes, research, etc.)
  • Snappy Words: http://www.snappywords.com/ (free visual dictionary)
  • * Vocabulogic (This is an exceptional blog with contributors including Susan Ebbers, P. David Pearson, Pete Bowers, Jan Hasbrouck, Vicki Gibson, Andrew Biemiller, and the list goes on.)
  • * VISUWORDS (very cool online graphical dictionary)
  • Word Info (identifies word parts connected by meaning)
  • Wordle (fun, graphic text analysis tool such as this one to represent the most common suffixes)
  • * Word Stash (build a personal online dictionary, flashcards, study tools, free teacher account, and more)
  • Word Zones™ for 5,586 Most Frequent Words
  • Your Dictionary: Sentence Examples: friendly dictionary, also provides the word used in several sentences

Online Dictionaries

Other Great Resources

  • * Dr. Kevin Feldman runs a free “literacy listserve” to provide up-to-date information on research and activities related to literacy, from pre-kindergarten to grade 12. To sign up for the listserve, send an email to literacy-on@lists.scoe.org, then follow the instructions in the automated email response you receive.
  • Andrew Biemiller's often cited article "Teaching Vocabulary: Early, Direct, and Sequential" (2001)
  • Math Specific Resources
    • Teaching Mathematic Vocabulary in Content by Miki Murray
    • "G is for Google: A Math Alphabet Book" by David Schwartz
    • "Q is for Quark: A Science Alphabet Book" by David Schwartz

Workshop Materials